Spearmint, also known as Mentha spicata, is a perennial herb that is native to Europe and Asia. It is commonly used in cooking and as a medicinal herb.
In terms of appearance, spearmint has bright green leaves that are pointed and serrated at the edges. The leaves are arranged in opposite pairs on square stems. The plant also has small, pink or white flowers that grow in clusters. Spearmint typically grows to be about 1-3 feet tall and spreads through underground rhizomes.
Spearmint prefers moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. It is hardy in zones 5-9 and can be grown easily from seeds or cuttings. To cultivate spearmint successfully, a grower might need to prune the plant regularly to promote new growth and prevent it from becoming woody.
Spearmint is edible and the leaves can be used fresh or dried in a variety of dishes. The leaves can also be made into a tea or infused into other liquids. The leaves can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week or in the freezer for longer periods of time.
Spearmint has a number of uses beyond its culinary value. The plant is known to have medicinal properties and is sometimes used to aid in digestion and to treat respiratory issues. It is also a natural insect repellent and can be used in the garden to deter pests. In addition, spearmint can be used as a ground cover or as a decorative plant in the garden.